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论文:语言艺术与礼仪修养? 语言学四个准则及举例

2022-12-09 14:13:57 18667 动漫
 论文:语言艺术与礼仪修养? 语言学四个准则及举例

论文:语言艺术与礼仪修养?

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语用原则包括合作原则和礼貌原则,它们分别包含哪些准则?

合作原则和礼貌原则都属于语用学的研究范畴\r 关于语用学,总结一下: pragmatics is concerned with the way language is used to communicate, It regards speech performance as primarily a social act ruled by social conventions.\r 会话原则和礼貌原则都有其相应的maxims(准则),其中合作原则的准则都是用来解释或判断会话中的conversational implicatures(会话含义)\r 会话原则的准则包括数量准则,质量准则,关系准则以及方式准则\r 当这些准则被violated(违反)或flouted(公然戏弄)时,会话含义就会出现\r 而礼貌原则是在合作原则无法完全解释会话含义时被提出的,用于完善和补充合作原则:\r It is found that the Cooperative Principle cannot fully explain how people talk, Although it explain how conversational implicature is given rice to, it does not tell us why people are often so indirect in conveying meanings, this is where the Politeness Principle comes in.\r 礼貌原则的六大准则: 得体准则,慷慨准则, 赞誉准则,谦逊准则,一致准则以及同情准则\r \r